13th December 2009 ELDH Statement for the Right to Self-Determination of the Sahrawi People


Professor Bill Bowring, President (London)

Professeure Monique CHEMILLIER- GENDREAU, Présidente d’honneur (Paris)

Thomas SCHMIDT (Rechtsanwalt) Secretary General (Duesseldorf)

Last September the ELDH Secretary General, Thomas Schmidt, visited the refugee camps of the Sahrawi

People in South-West Algeria, near Tindouf. He had extensive discussions with the families of Sahrawi

people who had been detained and subjected to forced “disappearance” in the zone occupied by Morocco.

He also spoke to the Sahrawi Human Rights association AFAPREDESA, to members of the exiled

Government, and to the exiled Constitutional Council.

For the last 35 years around 160.000 Sahrawi people in the refugee camps, as well as several hundred

thousand Sahrawi in the part of Western Sahara occupied by Morocco, have been denied by Morocco the

exercise of their right to self-determination. They are entitled in international law to a referendum that would

give them the possibility to vote for the independence of Western Sahara. The Kingdom of Morocco has

ignored numerous resolutions of the UN Security Council, as well as the Advisory Opinion of the International

Court of Justice of 1975. The Court held that it had not “found legal ties [to Morocco or Mauretania] of such a

nature as might affect the application of resolution 1514 (XV) in the decolonization of Western Sahara and, in

particular, of the principle of self-determination

through the free and genuine expression of the will of the peoples of the Territory.” (para 162, Opinion of 16

October 1975). Morocco’s actions are therefore unlawful in international law.


"The symbolic cut off corrupt authority head"

Voronezh, May 2007


Russian Anti-Corruption Civil Society Center “Clean Hands” conducted the independent monitoring of present position of Russian civil society.
According to the monitoring, one of the evils corroding not only state bureaucratic system but also civil society is corruption.
Corruption in civil society is due to the same reasons as in State bodies - socio-economic, cultural, political reasons.
We remind that the following grants of various Russian and foreign sources have been provided in 2009 to develop democracy and human rights in Russia:
- European Commission - 4 684 557 euro;
- Public Chamber of Russian Federation - 1 billion 500 million rubles (50 million $)
- United States - 29 million dollars.
There is a fundamental difference between funding of foreign and domestic sources: ratio of funding of Russian sources and quality, efficiency of the real civil activities is easier to control, in this case theft up to one third of grants. Grants provided by foreign organizations are much more complicated to control. As a result, theft of foreign financial grants up to 90% and foreign (International) organizations receive regular standard reports of pseudo activities, actions, pickets. “Grant thieves” that specializing in getting foreign grants is easy to detect. Such organizations are noisy with comments about little reason and safe reasons, participate at conferences where only invited members of these organizations.
Practically all of their proposals and initiatives are populist - the real work is not done.

30 JULY 2009 Russian Anti-Corruption Civil Society Center “Clean Hands” 1 year

Dear Ladies and gentlemen,
30 July 2008 at the media center of the newspaper “Izvestia” Russian Anti-Corruption Civil Society Center “Clean Hands” was opened officially. At the press conference the aims and objectives of “Clean Hands” were declared.
The first time in Russian history twenty-four-hour anti-corruption hotline +7 (495) 968-30-44 was announced.
During last year we have got 8 215 complaints about corruption   including calls, mails, telegrams, e-mails, faxes and personal consultations. The vast majority of victims of corruption restored their rights with the “Clean Hands” support.
During our work we use three classic methods:
- Attraction of civil society attention i.e. Clean Hands which analyzes the evidences of corruption in an allegation. If facts of corruption are proved materials send to the next stages;
- Attraction of mass media attention to the evidences of corruption. It is may be a press-conference, a special report etc (see mass media mentions);
- Urging the state to respond to our allegation with evidences of corruption;
The results of one year work of Russian Anti-Corruption Civil Society Center “Clean Hands» are presented in the annual report “Corruption in Russia”, that was published on 01 July 2009 at Kiev, Ukraine.  
“Clean Hands” continues its work in Russia.

Not be silent about the facts of corruption!
Call now! +7 (495) 968-30-44, (495)923-34-98 (twenty-four-hour hotline))
Working languages are: Russian, English.

Always remember, corruption can be overcome by combining the votes of citizens, the positions of independent mass media and a real Government anti-corruption policy!


On 28 July 2009 Ministry of Justice of Russian Federation suggested a new initiative concerning position of Russian lawyer. Alexander Konovalov a Minister of Justice plans to introduce a system of regular mandatory retesting of all Russian lawyers - the professional re-examinations are invited at least once every 5 years.
- The initiative of Ministry of Justice is the regular attempt to eliminate the independence of Russian Lawyers, - Evgeny Arkhipov a Chairman Association of Russian Lawyers for Human Rights said. - In practice, we face with different methods of pressure against many Russian lawyers especially at regional and local level. For example, if lawyer advocated victims of seeking of officials or law enforcement, he suffers a falsification of criminal case against him, or he is deprived of Lawyer Status or he becomes a victim of violence and even killing. A striking example is the murder of lawyer Stanislav Markelov in down town of Moscow. Alexander Konovalov’s proposal is unconstitutional and violates international rules and standards which guarantee the independence of all lawyers in the World. The attempt to adopt   «professional examination» every 5 years for Russian lawyers follows to the result that the most independent, principled lawyers will not be able to pass the specified test and will lose their status.
Everybody remembers the pressure against the lawyer Karinna Moskalenko, when the Ministry of Justice initiated a procedure of deprivation of her lawyer status.
Thus, according to this proposal, a lawyer who reached 70 years of age must pass professional examination every 5 years.
Also this initiative affects the most reputable lawyers - Reznik, Kucherena, Padva etc.,



Evgeny Arkhipov, Lawyer

01 July 2009 in frame of Association of Russian Lawyers for Human Rights, Russian Anti-Corruption Civil Society Center Clean Hands is holding  the press-conference «Corruption in Russia: an independent annual report of Russian Anti-Corruption Civil Society Center Clean Hands.

At the press conference the following information are announced:

-  level of corruption in Russia: an independent annual report basing on statistic and activity results  of  Russian Anti-Corruption Civil Society Center Clean Hands;
-  problem of falsifications  of criminal cases like fight against corruption in Russia;
- corruption and political persecution in Russia;
- corruption and mass-media in Russia.

The press-conference is participated:

- Evgeny Arkhipov, a Chairman of Association of Russian Lawyers for Human Rights, Head of Russian Anti-Corruption Civil Society Center Clean Hands, Lawyer;
- Oleg Levytskyi, Ukrainian Helsinki Human Rights Union, Lawyer;
- Julia Guseynova, a Press -secretary of Association of Russian Lawyers for Human Rights, Journalist.

Also the press-conference attended by human rights defender  CSO activists of Ukraine.
Press- Center of UNIAN,
Kyiv, Kreshchatik str.4
Beginning at 13.30 PM (local time)
Accreditation by phone: +380 44 279-3523


Justice. Andrew Mochalin in the courtroom. June 01, 200

02 June 2009 6 years instead of 15 days

01 June 2009 the Criminal Court of Leninsky district of Saransk city sentenced Oleg Mochalin for 6 years of imprisonment in colony of general regime. The prisoner was taken into custody in the courtroom.  Tatyana Vdovina, whose son Victor had been killed, has been seeking a new sentence for Oleg Mochalin for two years. It has been possible after civil society control and media attention to the scandalous sentence of 15-day in prison for the murder of Victor in Russian provincial city Saransk.
In October 2008, Tatiana Vdovina complained to Russian Anti-Corruption Civil Society Center «Clean Hands», where her case was taken under civil society control. The appropriate addresses was prepared by Clean Hands to Russian President,  to Head of Investigation Committee, to Supreme Court , to Attorney General, to Public Chamber of Russia.
This case has been mentioning in European and Russian mass-media.
As a result we can see the sentence which demonstrates the effectiveness of civil society control once again.

Russian Anti-Corruption Civil Society Center «Clean Hands» thanks for the assistance in the case of Tatiana Vdovina: Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, Attorney General Yury Chaika, Head of Investigation Committee Aleksandr Bastrykin, a member of Public Chamber of Russia Olga Kostina, TV « Petersburg -Channel 5», TVC television program« The Moment of Truth »and personally Andrei Karaulov, correspondent s of TV France 2.

Yours Faithfully
Clean Hands
(495) 968-30-44
(495) 923-34-98


The issue of the eviction of the Russian CSO “Roerichs Center” is still opened despite strong protests of the members of Public Chamber of Voronezh region and the residents of Voronezh city. The basement office of Roerichs Center placed in Voronezh on Kukolkina Street, 1 is still under the arrest of the list of Real Estates offered for sale for debts of the city. Local authorities’ actions contradict Russian Constitution and the Law about CSO.
-  The coordinated action of local authorities against Roerichs Center shows a low level of understanding of role of civil society, as well as the lack of understanding of the role of Roerich's teachings in the world philosophy and culture- a president of Association of Russian Lawyers for Human Rights Evgeny Arkhipov is explaining the situation. -  It is unacceptable behavior of local authorities of the city with a million residents of different cultural and national communities. Unfortunately, Voronezh is well known as city with nationalist moods and intolerance to other cultures, religions. The pressure of local authorities against Roerichs Center shows a low level of tolerance which aggravating the difficult situation in the City. Due to the fact that the appeal of Association of Russian Lawyers for Human Rights had been ignored by local authorities we have decided to declare the action to support the Roerichs Center in Voronezh.
Association of Russian Lawyers for Human Rights addresses   to Russian President Dmitry Medvedev  and Chairman of the party «United Russia» Vladimir Putin for intervening in the illegal actions of local authorities to stop persecution against Roerichs Center.



Robert Kaminsky – a mayor of Svobodny had been under four falsified criminal cases. The mayor had been removed from office. He restored all his rights now;
Evgeny Tkachuk from Mytischi had been under falsified criminal case, He restored rights now;
Tamara Buylova – an entrepreneur from St. Petersburg had suffered extortion of bribes, her business had been under corruption pressure. She restored her rights. Her business is developing now;
Marat Musin – a businessman from Salavat his business had been under corruption pressure. He restored rights. His business is developing now;
Andrei Kuz'min – a businessman from Kazan his business had been under corruption pressure in Arbitrage. He restored rights.
Tatiana Vdovina from Saransk Her son was had been killed by youth group in Night club. Only one murderer was sentenced to 15 days of arrest. The sentence was quashed.
Boris Barelyuk – an entrepreneur from Moscow his business had been under corruption pressure. He restored rights. His business is developing now;

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